A facelift rejuvenates the central and lower face as well as the neck. It smoothens the nasolabial folds (the deep creases between the cheeks and the upper lip) and reduces the jowls (the loose skin that develops between the cheek and the chin along the jaw line). It can also define the jaw line and correct droopy or wrinkled neck skin.
One way to categorize the several types of facelifts is by the length of the incision. The standard facelift incision is made in the hair above the ear and extended in the natural crease immediately in front of the ear and then travels behind the ear and into the upper neck hair. The skin and underlying facial connective tissue - known as the SMAS or superficial myoaponeurotic system - is then redraped to a more youthful position. A standard facelift is best for people who are seeking a more dramatic rejuvenation of the face or when their primary goal is to reduce and tighten redundant neck skin.
A short scar facelift involves an incision in the natural crease immediately in front of the ear that stops at the base of the ear. As in a standard facelift, the skin and SMAS layers are still elevated and manipulated. A short scar facelift is used to refine features of the central and lower thirds of the face around the cheeks and jawline with moderate refinement of the neck.
A mini facelift is performed in the office under local anesthesia through a short scar immediately in front of the ear. A Mini facelift is best for people who seek an office-based facial rejuvenation that will provide moderate improvements to the central and lower thirds of the face. Combined with fractionated laser resurfacing and other office-based procedures like upper lid blepharoplasty and neck liposuction, a comprehensive facial rejuvenation can be performed comfortably in the office.
BEFORE AND AFTER PHOTOS
Browse a photo gallery of Washington University Physician patients' before and after photos of facelift procedures here.
To learn more details about facelifts, review photos, or learn when we are having a free seminar please visit us online at westcountyplasticsurgeons.wustl.edu.