Vaccination remains the strongest defense against COVID-19. Even as numbers in our community drop, it's important to remain vigilant. For more information about where you can schedule a vaccine, be tested for COVID-19 or learn more about the virus, visit https://www.bjc.org/coronavirus

COVID-19 Information
Select the search type
  • Site
  • Web
Go
The health library is currently experiencing some technical difficulties. We are working to resolve the issues now and apologize for the inconvenience.

Treatment Protocols for Cancer

How is cancer treated?

Your healthcare provider will decide on your specific cancer treatment based on:

  • Your overall health and your health history

  • Extent of the disease, including type, grade, stage, and location

  • Your ability to handle certain medicines, procedures, or therapies

  • Outlook for the course of the disease

  • Your opinion or preference

What are the goals of treatment?

  • Cure the cancer (remission) 

  • Prevent the return of the cancer (recurrence)

  • Prolong life (when remission or cure is not possible) 

  • Ease the symptoms. This is called palliation. Palliation is treatment for a symptom of the cancer, such as pain. It is not a treatment for the cancer itself. The goal of palliation is to improve the quality of life and provide comfort and support.

What are the common types of cancer treatment?

The usual methods for treating cancer are:

  • Surgery

  • Radiation therapy

  • Chemotherapy

  • Hormone therapy

  • Immunotherapy or biological therapy

  • Targeted therapy

Cancer may also be treated with high-dose therapy with stem cell rescue. High doses of chemotherapy may be used with or without radiation therapy to treat the cancer. The dose of treatment is so high that the body's bone marrow cannot recover. The stem cell rescue is a way to replace the body's bone marrow to provide a functioning blood and immune system.

Sign Up Today for Free e-Newsletters

Get the latest in medical technology, research and disease prevention sent to your inbox.
Find a doctor or make an appointment: 866.867.3627
General Information: 314.747.3000
One Barnes-Jewish Plaza
St. Louis, MO 63110
© Copyright 1997-2022, Barnes-Jewish Hospital. All Rights Reserved.