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Causes of Infertility

Having difficulty getting pregnant can be a frustrating and emotionally exhausting experience. And it’s one we understand well. Every year, our physicians evaluate and treat more than 4,000 couples and individuals who are coping with infertility.

In many cases, simple tests can reveal any fertility issues you or your partner may have. Armed with that information, you and your doctor can decide what fertility treatments would be best suited to your unique needs.

A dropper and rows of test tubes

Diagnosing Infertility: Why Choose Us?

When you come to the Fertility & Reproductive Medicine Center, you will find:

  • An expert team: Our reproductive endocrinologists are not only board-certified subspecialists, but also respected leaders in their fields. This level of expertise means more accurate diagnoses and effective treatments for our patients.
  • Help for complex cases: We aren’t afraid to take on complicated cases that other clinics might turn away. We often successfully diagnose and treat patients who have not been able to become pregnant through treatment at other clinics.
  • Personalized patient care: Our goal is to find the right solution for every patient, and that starts with pinpointing specific causes of infertility.

Expert Diagnosis for Causes of Infertility

At the Fertility & Reproductive Medicine Center, we can diagnose infertility in men and women:

  • Male factor: We offer semen analysis, a diagnostic test that can examine sperm quantity, function and motility. Read more about male factor infertility.
  • Ovulation disorders: When an egg isn’t released from your ovaries on a predictable cycle, it can be more difficult to get pregnant. Also, in women over age 35, the number and quality of eggs can diminish. We can usually diagnose ovulation disorders through blood tests or ultrasound imaging. Learn more about ovulation disorders.
  • Pelvic factor: Our specialists can diagnose and treat physical issues – such as uterine abnormalities, scarring, fibroids or blocked fallopian tubes – to improve pregnancy success. Read about pelvic factor infertility.
  • Unexplained infertility: In up to 30 percent of people, test results don’t reveal a specific cause for infertility. Our reproductive experts offer a variety of fertility treatments that can help – including oral or injectable ovulation-inducing medications, intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF).
  • Medical history: Certain health conditions may have impaired your fertility or your partner’s fertility, making it difficult to achieve or sustain pregnancy. During our thorough diagnostic process, we will discuss your medical history to diagnose infertility causes. With an accurate diagnosis, we can plan the most appropriate and effective treatments for you.
  • Endometriosis: This condition – in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus is found elsewhere in the body – is one of the leading causes of infertility. Often, we can diagnose this condition with a pelvic exam or ultrasound imaging. Learn more about endometriosis.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): This condition is a hormonal endocrine imbalance disorder that affects ovulation. To confirm a diagnosis of PCOS, our fertility experts can perform several tests to rule out other conditions. Read more about PCOS.

Contact Us

To make an appointment with a Washington University fertility and reproductive medicine specialist at the Women & Infants Center, call 855.925.0631.